Eye examination

Depending on the patient’s need, it is necessary to:

  • evaluate the patient’s visual acuity

  • evaluate the functionality of extraocular muscles

  • evaluate lacrimal production (Schirmer’s test, BUT)

  • measure ocular pressure

  • evaluate the objective anatomical integrity of patient’s eyes

  • evaluate functional abilities and anatomical features with instrumental examinations

During the visit we collect informations about patient’s health and evaluate anatomy and function of the eyes:

  • general patient history (medications and interventions)

  • opthalmological anamnesis (lenses, familiarity, interventions)

  • evaluation of visual acuity

  • evaluation of ocular motility

  • ocular pressure measurement (possible tonometric curve)

  • evaluation of the anterior segment

  • valuation of the ocular fundus in mydriasis (drops are placed to dilate the pupil)

  • instrumental examinations

  • drops of local anesthetic are instilled and then the tear film is stained with fluorescein for eye pressure measurement

  • to evaluate ocular fundus midriatic drops are instilled to achieve pupil dilatation, after 2 hours the dilation regresses
  • cyclopygic eye drops are instilled in children to be able to evaluate refraction as precisely as possible. The cycloplegia lasts about 24 hours